Dr. L. Carol Summers
Samuel Chiles Mitchell-Jacob Billikopf Professor of History and International Studies
Chair, Department of History
International Studies Concentration Advisor: Africa and World Politics and Diplomacy
Profile
Carol Summers has published on syphilis and reproductive policy in colonial Uganda, racial ideology and segregation in colonial Zimbabwe, Zimbabwean struggles over schooling and development, and on radical politics  in late colonial Uganda. She is currently working on her third book, Restless Tongues: Morality, Modernity and Radical Politics in Late Colonial Buganda, 1939-1956, which examines how activists debated and deployed ideas of citizenship, democracy, loyalty and patriotism through combinations of local normative values of family, clan and kingdom with modern methods as part of their efforts to reconstruct a moral and modern kingdom.
Grants and Fellowships
American Council of Learned Societies Sabbatical Fellowship (2007-2008)
American Philosophical Society Sabbatical Fellowship (2007-2008)
National Humanities Center Fellow (2003-2004)
Princeton University Davis Center Fellow (1999)
National Academy of Education Spencer Fellow (1995)
Institute for Advanced Study in the African Humanities Fellow, Northwestern University (1995)
Awards
University of Richmond Distinguished Educator (2001)
Publications
Articles
“All the Kabaka’s Wives: Marital Claims in Buganda’s 1953-5 Kabaka Crisis” Journal of African History 58:1 (2017) 107-27
Adolescence versus Politics: Metaphors in Late Colonial UgandaJournal of the History of Ideas 78:1 (January 2017) 117-136
Slander, Buzz and Spin: Telegrams, Politics and Global Communications in the Uganda Protectorate, 1945-9,” Journal of Colonialism and Colonial History 16:3 (Winter 2015).
"Local Critiques of Global Development: Patriotism in Late Colonial Buganda." International Journal of African Historical Studies 47, no. 1 (2014): 21-35.
“Boys, Brats and Education: Reproducing White Maturityin Colonial Zimbabwe, 1915-1935” Settler and Colonial Studies 1:1 (2011)
“Catholic Action and Ugandan Radicalism: Political Activism in Buganda, 1930-1950” Journal of Religion in Africa 39:1 (2009) 60-90
“Radical Rudeness: Ugandan Social Critiques during the 1940s” Journal of Social History 39:3 (2006) 741-770
Grandfathers, Grandsons, Morality and Radical  Politics in Late Colonial Buganda”  International Journal of African Historical Studies 38:3 (2005) 427-447
"Young Buganda and Old Boys: Youth, Generational Transition and Ideas of Leadership in Buganda, 1920-1949” Africa Today 51:3 (Spring 2005) 109-128
"Mission Boys, Civilized Men and Marriage: Educated African Men in the Missions of Southern Rhodesia 1920-1945" Journal of Religious History 23:1 (February 1999) 75-91
"'If you can educate the Native Woman...': Debates over the schooling and education of girls and women in Southern Rhodesia 1900-1934" History of Education Quarterly 36:4 (Winter 1996) 449-471
"Educational Controversies: African Activism and Educational Strategies in Southern Rhodesia, 1920-1934" Journal of Southern African Studies 20 (March 1994) 3-25
Chapters
Uganda after World War II”  in Re-Thinking Africa and World War II, Carolyn Brown and Judith Byfield, ed.s. 2014, Cambridge University Press.
Education and Literacy” in John Parker and Richard Reid, ed., The Oxford Handbook of Modern African History (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2013) 319-337.
Youth, Elders and Metaphors of Political Change in Late Colonial Buganda” in  Generations Past: Youth in East African History, Andrew Burton, and Helene Charton-Bigot, ed.s (Athens, OH: Ohio University Press, 2010) 175-195.
Tickets, Concerts and School Fees: Faith and Finance in Colonial Zimbabwe 1900-40” in Conversion: Old Worlds and New Anthony Grafton and Kenneth Mills, ed.s, (Rochester: U. of Rochester Press, 2003) 241-270
Force and Colonial Development in Eastern Uganda” in J.M. Bahemuka and JL Brockington, ed.s, East Africa in Transition: Communities, Cultures and Change (Nairobi: Acton Publishers, 2002) 181-207

Education
Ph.D., Johns Hopkins University
M.A., Johns Hopkins University
B.A., Swarthmore College
Contact Information
(804) 289-8976
(804) 287-1992 (Fax)
Areas of Expertise
Colonial Africa
History of Education
Nationalism and Decolonization